Dr. Trowbridge received his AB from Colgate University and attended medical school at Georgetown University School of Medicine. After finishing his residency in Internal Medicine at Stanford University Hospital and working in the U.S. Public Health Service for several years, he completed a fellowship in Hospital Medicine at the University of California, San Francisco. He is primarily a clinician-educator and works as an Adult Hospitalist at Maine Medical Center. He has served in multiple leadership roles within the Maine Track Program of Tufts University School of Medicine.

His specific interest is in the development of clinical reasoning abilities and the avoidance of diagnostic error. He serves as Co-Course Director for Introduction to Clinical Reasoning course at Tufts and as an editor of the book, Teaching Clinical Reasoning from the American College of Physicians.